This article explains age spots treatment, symptoms and causes. Have you ever noticed some dark spots on people's skin that can sometimes appear as small round moulds and are commonly found on the arms, hands, neck and around the face, these would most likely be age spots.
Age spots, also known as liver spots or solar lentigines, are black spots that appear on the skin. As the name implies, age spots mostly occur in elderly people around the age of 50 and above, although there have now been increasing cases of these spots in younger people. They are also more common in people with light (fair) skins as the spots become more conspicuous than in those with darker skin colour.
Their appearance can be frightening to some people as it may look like cancerous growths, but they are in fact benignant and totally harmless growths but they can be a major cause of concern as these spots can affect physical appearance, especially in young people.
Age spot symptoms include the following: dark or brown skin spots, flat spherical mounds that occur only in skin areas that are usually exposed to sunlight.
Skin spots that are painful, increasing in size, gradually darkening in colour and have irregular edges which may be indicative of skin cancer, so have this checked by a doctor immediately.
Causes of age spots
So what could be the cause of these sudden growths that are creating dark spots on the skin? The answer is not farfetched, age spots are mainly caused by the reaction of ultraviolet rays from the sun with the epidermal cells of the skin, this explains why they tend to appear only on skin areas that are exposed to sunlight. These rays cause the cells to become overactive, thereby producing higher amounts of melanin. Over the years, continuous exposure to sunlight leads to an accumulation and clumping of melanin, which then results in the dark spots.
Since they are mostly harmless, age spots do not pose any serious health threats and may not need medical attention. But in cases where the spots are creating psychological discomfort to physical appearance, it can be treated with the following measures.
Lightening creams: The most common method for age spots treatment is by using lightening creams to help fade out the dark spots. These creams usually contain hydroquinone which bleaches the skin and may leave some undesirable side effects like reddish skin, uneven skin tone and burning sensation.
• Laser therapy: This is a very expensive age spots treatment that uses laser beams to selectively kill off melanin cells. This therapy is effective in fading out dark spots.
• Cold therapy: Also known as cryotherapy, this method involves applying a freezing agent such as liquid nitrogen on the affected skin area. The cold will kill off the melanin cells but may leave some decolouration in the skin.
• Chemical peel: This involves the use of acidic chemicals to cleanse off the age spots, the skin then begins to peel off together with the spots to allow for a new spotless skin layer to develop.
• Herbal ointment/Herbal medicine: Another effective treatment method is by applying herbal age spot ointments or herbal medicines formulated with naturally sourced herbs rich in vitamin E that percolates into the deep skin layers to remove excess melanin and restore normal skin tone.
You can order for Constilease herbal medicine for the treatment of age spots. The price for Constilease is N7,860 excluding cost of delivery.
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